Italian and French
Italian and French are both the members of Romance language of the Indo-European family. All Romance languages share very similar vocabulary derived from Latin. Although both languages are about 85% lexical similarity to each other, they are not mutually understandable to native speakers because of the differences in syntax and pronunciation. Likewise, Italian alphabet consists of 21 letters (with 5 vowels and 16 consonants) whereas French alphabet consists of 26 letters.
Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino and Vatican City. French is the official language in 29 countries including France, Canada, Belgium and most of the former French colonies in Africa.
Interested users could go to the Language Learning Centre of the Hong Kong Central Library to find out more about Italian and French.